Trying to find high-quality child care in your community can be confusing. Where do you start? Who do you call? Start your search now by clicking the link! The link will let you search for care near you that offers convenient hours and other options to meet your needs.
Below, you’ll find information on what to look for when you’re searching for a high-quality child care provider or preschool.
What to Look For When You Visit
Before you decide which facility to choose, you’ll want to visit each one you’re considering. But what should you be watching for? Here are some tips to help you find the early childhood environment that’s right for your child. The state of Ohio also publishes inspection reports for child facilities in the state. Click the search licensing reports button to find the child care programs you are considering.
Step Up to Quality
Did you know that Ohio has a star rating system for child care programs? Step Up To Quality (SUTQ) is a five–star quality rating and improvement system administered by the Ohio Department of Education and the Ohio Department of Job and Family Services. SUTQ recognizes and promotes learning and development programs that meet quality program standards that exceed licensing health and safety regulations. The program standards are based on national research identifying standards which lead to improved outcomes for children.To find a step up to quality rated childcare provider near you, click on the Search for Child Care in Ohio button. Want more detail? Visit earlychildhoodohio.org or download the brochure.
The Care Providers
Watch for early childhood care providers who really seem to know and like the children and treat them with respect. Make sure there are enough care providers to safely handle the number of children. You can check the legal requirements here: http://www.occrra.org/ohiolaw.htm
Take a good look around: is the facility safe, clean, organized, and kid-friendly? Are the children supervised at all times? Do electrical outlets have childproof covers? Are breakables stashed out of the reach of children? If there is a food preparation area, is it properly childproofed? Are there low sinks or stools so that children can reach to wash their hands?
You'll want to ask about hand washing and sanitation policies for both care providers and children. Also ask about the facility’s policies on vaccinations and on allowing sick children to attend.
Are there plenty of clean, developmentally appropriate toys and educational materials for both indoor and outdoor exploration? The materials should include:
- Objects for dramatic play (puppet theater, dress-up clothes)
- Sensory materials (sand, water, play dough)
- Materials that help children learn reading, math, science, and social studies
- Materials that help children develop gross motor skills such as pulling up, walking, climbing in, on, and over, moving through/around and under, pushing, pulling and riding.
Do you see keypads or other security devices for doors? How children are tracked when they arrive and when they leave for the day? What if someone other than the primary caregiver must pick up the child? What are the procedures for tracking visitors?
A Typical Day
Look for learning going on, all around. You should see children who seem comfortable, engaged, and eager to learn and interact with their peers and with care providers.
Young children learn best within a routine. A structured environment helps young children feel safe and in control of their world. It’s comforting to know that certain things happen at the same time every day.
That said, young children also need some “down time,” the freedom to wander, imagine, and discover. A good facility makes sure that each day’s schedule provides a combination of structured activities and free time, and that both children and parents know what to expect from one day to the next. A schedule of the day’s activities should be posted or provided upon request.
A typical day might look like this:
- Arrive, put away coats
- Circle time: lesson and sharing
- Arts and crafts
- Learning stations: art, dramatic play, water table, etc.
- Hand washing and morning snack
- Indoor individual activities: blocks, Legos, puzzles, coloring, etc.
- Outdoor play
- Hand washing and lunch
- Learning time: theme-related lessons, story time, songs, art activities, etc.
- Nap/rest time
- Outdoor play
- Hand washing and afternoon snack
- Learning stations: art, dramatic play, water table, etc.
- Clean up, prepare to go home
- Quiet activities: drawing, coloring, puzzles
While the length of each activity depends upon the age group, most activities will last from 10-30 minutes.
A Word About Naps
The state requires that a child care center provide a quiet space for children who want to rest or nap. Nap time typically lasts for no more than 60 to 90 minutes, though this depends on each child’s rest requirements.
Ten Signs of a Good Classroom
If your child is between the ages of 3 and 6 and attends a child care center, preschool, or kindergarten program, the National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC) suggests you look for these ten signs to make sure your child is in a good classroom.
- Children spend most of their time playing and working with materials or other children. They do not wander aimlessly, and they are not expected to sit quietly for long periods of time.
- Children have access to various activities throughout the day. Look for assorted building blocks and other construction materials, props for pretend play, picture books, paints and other art materials, and table toys such as matching games, pegboards, and puzzles. Children should not all be doing the same thing at the same time.
- Teachers work with individual children, small groups, and the whole group at different times during the day. They do not spend all their time with the whole group.
- The classroom is decorated with children's original artwork, their own writing with invented spelling, and stories dictated by children to teachers.
- Children learn numbers and the alphabet in the context of their everyday experiences. The natural world of plants and animals and meaningful activities like cooking, taking attendance, or serving snack provide the basis for learning activities.
- Children work on projects and have long periods of time (at least one hour) to play and explore. Worksheets are used little if at all.
- Children have an opportunity to play outside every day. Outdoor play is never sacrificed for more instructional time.
- Teachers read books to children individually or in small groups throughout the day, not just at group story time.
- Curriculum is adapted for those who are ahead as well as those who need additional help. Teachers recognize that children's different backgrounds and experiences mean that they do not learn the same things at the same time in the same way.
- Children and their parents look forward to school. Parents feel secure about sending their child to the program.
- Children are happy to attend; they do not cry regularly or complain of feeling sick.
Five Steps to Finding a High-Quality Child Care Facility
START EARLY Start looking as far in advance as you can. No matter what type of care you are considering - a child care center or care in someone else's home - finding the right child care option can take some time.
MAKE A CALL Begin your search by calling your local experts - your child care resource and referral (CCR&R) center. CCR&Rs can give you the facts about child care, and a list of child care options in your area that may meet your needs. Click here to find your local CCR&R. You may want to ask them the following questions:
- What are the licensing requirements in my area?
- How can I get information about complaints and licensing violations?
- Are there any child care financial assistance programs that my family qualifies for?
VISIT AND ASK QUESTIONS Make sure you visit the child care options you are considering. Find out about these key indicators of quality:
- Adult-to-Child Ratio: Ask how many children there are for each adult. The fewer children per adult, the better for your child. You want your child to get plenty of attention. The younger the child, the more important this is. Babies need an adult to child ratio of no more than 1:4 (one adult for four infants), while four-year-olds can do well with a ratio of 1:10 (one adult for ten children).
- Group Size: Find out how many children are in the group. The smaller the group, the better. Imagine a group of 25 two-year olds with five adults, compared to a group of 10 with two adults. Both groups have the same adult to child ratio. Which would be calmer and safer? Which would be more like a family?
- Caregiver Qualifications: Ask about the caregivers' training and education. Caregivers with degrees and/or special training in working with children will be better able to help your child learn. Are the caregivers involved in activities to improve their skills? Do they attend classes and workshops?
- Turnover: Check how long caregivers have been at the center or providing care in their homes. It's best if your child stays with the same caregiver at least a year. Caregivers who come and go make it hard on your child. Getting used to new caregivers takes time and energy that could be spent on learning new things.
- Accreditation: Find out if the provider has been accredited by a national organization. Providers who are accredited have met voluntary standards for child care that are higher than most state licensing requirements. The National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC) and The National Association for Family Child Care (NAFCC) are the two largest organizations that accredit child care programs.
MAKE A CHOICE Think about what you saw at each visit, and make the best choice for your child and family.
STAY INVOLVED The work isn't over once you find good care for your child. You and you child's caregiver are partners now. Here are some ways to be involved:
- Have a parent-caregiver meeting regularly, and ask questions.
- Offer to volunteer time when needed, like participating in clean up days, fixing broken toys.
- Be there for your child's birthday party.
- Visit your child at child care and read a book aloud.
- Join in special events, like field trips, Career Day, Black History Month, or holidays.
Even if you can't get time off from work during the day, you can still check in at drop-off and pick-up times. Ask the caregiver how things are going, and how your child is doing.
Visiting and participating in events at your child's provider sends a strong message. It tells your child and your child's caregiver that what you think your child is doing and learning is important.
A Guide for Choosing Child Care
- Do the caregivers/teachers seem to really like children?
- Do the caregivers/teachers get down on each child's level to speak to the child?
- Are children greeted when they arrive?
- Are children's needs met quickly, even when things get busy?
- Are the caregivers/teachers trained in CPR, first aid, and early childhood education?
- Are the caregivers/teachers involved in continuing education programs?
- Does the program keep up with children's changing interests?
- Will the caregivers/teachers always be ready to answer your questions?
- Will the caregivers/teachers tell you what your child is doing every day?
- Are parents' ideas welcomed? Are there ways for you to get involved?
- Do the caregivers/teachers and children enjoy being together?
- Is there enough staff to serve the children? (Ask local experts about the best staff-child ratios for different age groups.)
- Are caregivers/teachers trained and experienced?
- Have they participated in early childhood development classes?
- Is the atmosphere bright and pleasant?
- Is there a fenced-in outdoor play area with a variety of safe equipment?
- Can the caregivers/teachers see the entire playground at all times? Are there different areas for resting, quiet play and active play?
- Is there enough space for the children in all of these areas?
- Is there a daily balance of play time, story time, activity time and nap time?
- Are the activities right for each age group?
- Are there enough toys and learning materials for the number of children?
- Are toys clean, safe and within reach of the children?
- Do you agree with the discipline practices?
- Do you hear the sounds of happy children?
- Are children comforted when needed?
- Is the program licensed or regulated?
- Are surprise visits by parents encouraged?
- Will your child be happy there?
Content provided courtesy of the Ohio Child Care Resource and Referral Association
Another way to identify a high-quality child care setting is to look for centers that are accredited or star-rated. These centers voluntarily participate in programs that require much higher standards. Below are descriptions of what an accredited or star-rated center must have and links to help you find out if centers in your neighborhood have one or both of these distinctions.
National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC) Accreditation
Early childhood education programs are proud to be accredited by NAEYC because they know they have worked hard for that achievement. Using NAEYC tools and materials, they are continuously improving their programs to provide the best possible educational opportunities for children. After an extensive application process, skilled and reliable NAEYC program assessors visit each program to determine that it is meeting NAEYC standards. Following accreditation, all programs are subject to random, unannounced visits by assessors to ensure that the programs continue to meet these standards. NAEYC-Accredited programs must:
Promote positive relationships for all children and adults to encourage each child’s sense of individual worth.
Implement a curriculum that fosters all areas of child development: cognitive, emotional, language, physical, and social.
Use developmentally, culturally, and linguistically appropriate and effective teaching approaches.
Provide ongoing assessments of each child’s learning and development and communicate the child’s progress to the family.
Promote the nutrition and health of children and protect children and staff from illness and injury.
Employ and support a teaching staff that has the educational qualifications, knowledge, and professional commitment necessary to promote children’s learning and development and to support families’ diverse interests and needs.
Establish and maintain collaborative relationships with each child’s family.
Establish relationships with and use the resources of the community to support achievement of program goals.
Provide a safe and healthy physical environment.
Implement strong personnel, fiscal, and program management policies so that all children, families, and staff have high-quality experiences.
To find an NAEYC accredited childcare provider near you, visit http://www.naeyc.org/accreditation/search
Content provided courtesy of the National Association for the Education of Young Children
Nationally Accredited Family Child Care (NAFCC)
NAFCC Accreditation is awarded to family child care providers who meet the eligibility requirements and the Quality Standards for NAFCC Accreditation. According to the State of Ohio, family child care refers to individuals who care for children in their own residences. Ohio recognizes two types of providers:
- Type A, care for between 7-12 children and are licensed by the State
- Type B, care for up to 6 children and are certified through the County
Accreditation reflects a high level of quality through a process that examines all aspects of the family child care program, i.e. relationships, the environment, developmental learning activities, safety and health, and professional and business practices. Once family child care providers become accredited, they agree to abide by the standards set forth and to be measured against those standards, with periodic integrity and compliance reviews. There are over 2,100 NAFCC Accredited providers throughout the United States and in other locations worldwide where military family child care professionals operate. Why Choose Nationally Accredited Family Child Care? Significant research has provided evidence that warm, loving and home-like settings are natural environments for children during early childhood. While offering the safety and comfort of home, and providing a consistent caregiver throughout the years, family child care is the care choice for many parents. NAFCC Accreditation is an indicator that family child care offers safe, inviting spaces and warm, nurturing care complete with educational activities designed to meet the needs and interests of all children while promoting individual development. Nationally accredited homes meet high standards in child care and set the benchmark for quality. To find a Nationally Accredited Family Child Care provider near you, visit: http://nafcc.org/accreditation/acclist5db.asp
Content provided courtesy of the Ohio Child Care Resource and Referral Association